What Does CC Mean in Engines? Facts & FAQ
You have probably heard of the term “CC” in reference to vehicle specifications. Most people often mention it while measuring a car’s performance or power. In technical terms, “CC” stands for cubic centimeters, a metric unit used to measure the volume or engine capacity. Also known as engine displacement, it is the first data that car manufacturers cite with the engine properties.
So, what is the engine capacity of the different models of vehicles driving on the road? How does CC affect mileage and performance? Which type of engine is best for you? Read on to find out everything you need to know about your car’s engine capacity.
What CC Means in Car Engines
In cars, the engine size or CC is the volume of air and fuel that can be injected through the engine cylinders and is measured in cubic centimeters. The CC figure usually provided by manufacturers is usually the combined capacity of all engine cylinders in a car as it completes one cycle.
For instance, if a car has four combustion cylinders and a volume of 1.0 liter, then all four cylinders can accommodate 1.0 liter of air and fuel mixture inside them. If a car engine is only equipped with one cylinder, that one cylinder will be able to accommodate all of the air inside it during combustion. The size of a car engine is specified in liters, then rounded up to the nearest tenth of a liter. For instance, a car that features 1790 CC would be described as a 1.8-liter car.
In engines with a volume of under 1.0 liters, you can expect to find three or four combustion cylinders, many of which use turbochargers for that extra torque.
In traditional car models, a higher engine volume produced more power than smaller engine vehicles. But modern cars are equipped with turbocharger engines that produce more power output than back in the day. To establish the power produced by a specific car engine, you need only look at the horsepower values, usually given in “hp.” Though most people use the term CC and horsepower to mean the same thing, they measure two different aspects of the engine. While CC measures engine capacity, horsepower measures the general power output of a car’s engine.
How CC Affects Car Performance
An engine CC is a vital determiner of your vehicle’s outputs, such as the torque, mileage, and engine power. To understand how the engine capacity works, consider a container full of water. The bigger the container, the more water it can accumulate and guzzle. The same concept applies to car engines. The bigger the space in the cylinder to accommodate the combustion of air and fuel, the more power is produced.
Therefore, an engine with a bigger capacity will pull more air into the cylinder. As the volume grows, so does the quantity of fuel sprayed into the cylinder. In a nutshell, the power output of an engine is usually directly proportional to its capacity. However, this only applies to conventional engine design car models.
How CC Affects Mileage
As you may have gathered, injecting more fuel into the engine cylinder increases fuel consumption and performance. Unfortunately, this eventually reduces the car’s mileage. So, in this context, mileage is inversely proportional to the engine capacity. This, of course, also applies to conventional engine designs. Fortunately, manufacturers have realized this relationship and are producing petrol engines that can balance mileage and power to give better performance and fuel efficiency.
Normally, cars with petrol engines that offer the best fuel mileage range to a zone of up to 1,000cc. Engines with capacities of 1,000cc to 1,500cc offer better mileage, while engines with 1,500cc to 1,800cc offer a moderate fuel mileage range. Car engines with capacities ranging from 1,800CC to 2,500CC have lower mileage figures, and vehicles with an engine displacement above 2,500cc have the least mileage on the road.
Which Car Engine Size Is Best for Me?
Whether you are looking for an incredibly powerful car or an affordable functional car, the first thing you should do is research the engine size of the vehicle you intend to buy. This research will help you determine whether it will fit your needs and preferences and whether its value is worth the price tag. You can easily check the engine size of any car by utilizing online checking tools.
“CC” in engines simply refers to the capacity of the engine, usually measured in cubic centimeters. Engine CC displacement is a vital consideration when purchasing a vehicle because it determines the power output of your engine. In conventional cars, more CC doesn’t necessarily translate to more speed. It also doesn’t make these large-volume cars any better.
While high CC cars can produce more power and torque, they often consume more fuel, which often results in low mileage. They are also often very heavy weight. When purchasing a car, you need to find out the displacement you need from your engine by analyzing the end usage and your intended purpose.
If you want a city car for the daily commute, consider purchasing a car with lower CCs, but if your budget is flexible and are looking for a powerful engine with a lot of torque, a car with higher CC will suit you just fine. If you are an eco-friendly driver, cars equipped with turbochargers will definitely interest you. If you don’t perform thorough research on engine volume you could purchase a car with low fuel efficiency, a low performance, and a hefty insurance cover.
Featured Image Credit: Toyota engine by PhotoMIX-Compnay, Pixabay