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Electric vs Air Impact Wrench: Which One To Choose?

Electric vs Air Impact Wrench

Electric vs Air Impact Wrench

Wrenches are some of the most basic tools that any craftsman, automotive mechanic, or home repairman needs to have in their toolkit. But while wrenches are standard tools, manual wrenches can be difficult to use when it comes to certain tightly installed nuts and bolts.

This is especially true when performing maintenance or repair work on vehicles or larger structures. Sometimes, nuts and bolts are installed so tightly that it’s simply impossible for you to loosen or remove those nuts and bolts using muscle power alone. Even when you encounter regular nuts and bolts, it’s often easier to use a power tool instead of undoing all those bolts by hand.

Enter: impact wrenches. These capable tools provide the same fast response and excellent results as electric drills do for manual drills or screwdrivers. But while all impact wrenches can be helpful, it’s important to know the difference between electric and air impact wrenches so you know which one you should choose.

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Quick Overview of Impact Wrenches

An impact wrench looks similar to an electric drill, but they serve different repair and maintenance purposes. An impact wrench uses a power source to drive a hammer hidden in its interior, which strikes an anvil that is connected to the square driver of the impact wrench. That hammer causes the driver to turn, applying powerful force to any nut or bolt that the wrench may be attached to.

Best Cordless Impact Wrench

In this way, the impact wrench can perform the same function as a regular wrench but with much higher power and without requiring muscle strain on your part. Most impact wrenches can turn nuts and bolts in incremental bursts of power with each pull of the tool’s trigger.

Electric Impact Wrench Overview

PORTER-CABLE Impact Wrench

Power Source

An electric impact wrench, as the name suggests, is powered by electricity. Electric impact wrenches come in either corded or cordless varieties. Corded electric impact wrenches provide more power than their cordless counterparts, and they can usually remove larger sizes of bolts, nuts, and certain types of screws. However, corded electric impact wrenches are a little more cumbersome.

Portability & Power

Cordless electric impact wrenches are incredibly portable and are usually smaller in size. Thus, they’re ideal for taking with you from worksite to worksite or for use in hard-to-reach places. However, cordless electric impact wrenches can run out of power quite quickly and are usually not as powerful as the other types.

Trigger Type

Both types of electric impact wrenches may come with variable triggers, which offer you greater control over the turning speed of the tool. This can make electric impact wrenches better for precision wrench work, especially for beginners.


  • More portable than air impact wrenches
  • Many models come with variable triggers
  • Easy to use
  • Better for use in cramped or narrow spots
  • Not as powerful as air impact wrenches

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Air Impact Wrench Overview

Ingersoll Rand Model 231C 1:2 Heavy-Duty Air Impact Wrench

Power Source

The big difference between air impact wrenches and electric impact wrenches is that air wrenches use compressed air to power the internal hammer and turn the driver. Rather than relying on an inner motor, the compressed air does all the work. This necessarily means you need a powerful air compressor plugged into the impact wrench for the tool to function.

Portability & Power

Because of this, air impact wrenches are usually better for stationary work or use at a single worksite. Auto mechanic garages and similar places are great spots for air impact wrenches. Although air impact wrenches are definitely more cumbersome than cordless electric impact wrenches, they usually deliver more power. So, they’re better for taking care of bigger nuts and bolts.

Trigger Type

While air impact wrenches don’t usually have variable-speed triggers, they’re pretty easy to operate and you can adjust the power of an air impact wrench by adjusting the attached air compressor.


  • The most powerful type of impact wrench
  • Great for stationary work or garages
  • Never runs out of power in most cases
  • Can be bulky/difficult to move
  • No variable triggers

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When to Use an Electric Impact Wrench

All types of impact wrenches can be used for a variety of construction or repair tasks. They’re most commonly used in the automotive industry. But here are some times when it’s best to have an electric impact wrench compared to an air impact wrench:

  • For multiple worksites (i.e., when you need portability)
  • For indoor repair work
  • For working in cramped conditions
  • When you don’t have space for an air compressor
  • If you’re a beginner

The last condition is important since electric impact wrenches are easier to use than air impact wrenches. You only have to learn how to work a single tool instead of the wrench and an additional appliance.

Another Great Electric Impact Wrench

PORTER-CABLE Impact Wrench, 450 lbs of Torque, 1/2 Inch Hog Ring, 7.5-Amp, Corded (PCE211)
  • 1/2-Inch Electric Impact Wrench Comes With 7.5 Amp Motor For Heavy Duty Applications
  • Porter-Cable 1/2 Inch Impact Wrench Has 450 Ft-Lbs Of Torque For Installing And Removing Heavy Fasteners
  • 2,200 Rpm & 2,700 Bpm Of The Corded Impact Wrench Provide Fast Application Speeds

When to Use an Air Impact Wrench

Air impact wrenches, thanks to their higher average power, are best thought of as the workhorses of the impact wrench category. Here’s when you should prioritize these tools over their electric counterparts:

  • When you have multiple, super-tight nuts and bolts to take care of
  • In an automotive repair shop/garage
  • In a home garage with plenty of space
  • At a long-term worksite without portability needs
  • When money isn’t an object

While this last case isn’t universally true, air impact wrenches are almost always more expensive than electric impact wrenches. This is doubly true if you don’t already have a solid air compressor and need to purchase one to go with a new air impact wrench.

Another Great Air Impact Wrench

Ingersoll Rand 231C 1/2” Drive Air Impact Wrench – Lightweight, Max 600 ft-lbs Torque Output,...
  • Classic Choice: Lightweight And Easy To Maintain, This Impact Wrench Is A Reliable Choice For Auto Hobbyists And Professional Mechanics...
  • Reliable Performance: The 231C Air Impact Wrench Delivers A Maximum Torque Of 600 Foot-Pounds, And Offers Enough Power To Install And...
  • Adjustable Power: Its Adjustable Power Regulator Lets You Easily Adjust Power Output Needed For Your Task At Hand; The Twin Hammer...

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All in all, the question of electric vs air impact wrenches is somewhat straightforward: do you need portability or power? If you need to be able to move your wrench from place to place, go with electric. If you only need an impact wrench at a single location, an air impact wrench is your best bet.

Either way, both types of impact wrenches can make your repair or maintenance work much faster and easier. Remember to consider your budget and experience level before making a final decision and you’ll be set!

Featured Image Credit: Pixabay

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