How & When To Plant Cabbage: Varieties, Facts, & FAQ
Cabbage is a cool-season, delicious, and nutritious vegetable that’s easy to grow. There are various cabbage types in different shapes, sizes, and flavors, and you can harvest them throughout the year. We’ve written this article to help everyone who wants to plant and grow cabbages but is unsure how to do that.
The trick is to provide cabbage with all the requirements to thrive, which we will cover below. Keep reading to learn more about cabbages’ planting, growing, and harvesting process.
Popular cabbage varieties
Once you decide to plant cabbage in your garden, it is time to pick out a variety that will suit your needs best. If you thought there were only red and green types, you would be astounded to learn the many different available cabbage varieties that you can plant.
Below, you can find a list of some of the most popular cabbage types that can soon find a spot in your garden.
When should I plant cabbage?
The planting time will depend on when you want to harvest the cabbages, as their planting season is pretty long. They need anywhere from 60 to 100 days to become mature and harvest-ready.
Cabbages grow the best when their temperature requirements are met, as they prosper in temperatures between 45°F and 75°F, although they can briefly tolerate low temperatures at 20°F.
Typically, there are two different planting times:
Depending on your preferences, you can grow your cabbage in a garden or containers, and it is best to mix the soil with organic fertilizer, such as garden compost. When sowing cabbages, it’s best to place them 12 to 18 inches apart, depending on the variety you’re planting.
You will need to sow cabbages into a seedbed, and then you should transplant them later during the growing season. If you sow them in their final location, they will take up a lot of room early. Instead, it’s better to use the space for fast-maturing crops.
Once your cabbages have around five or six leaves, you can transplant them to the actual growing position. You’ll need to water them a day before and then set them into the new hole while placing the lowest leaves at the ground level. When transplanting, you should puddle the area with lots of water.
Cabbage growing requirements
To successfully grow and care for cabbages, you’ll need to meet specific requirements to help with their growth. Check out all necessities that cabbage plants need to prosper below.
When should I harvest my cabbage?
Your cabbage will be harvest-ready in about 80 to 180 days after planting, depending on the variety. You should cut the firm cabbage heads just above the ground level.
Depending on the variety and the season of sowing, you’ll either harvest them before the temperatures in spring become warm or during colder fall/winter months. Most varieties will taste better if you harvest them during cold weather.
Common cabbage pests and diseases
Like every other vegetable, cabbage is prone to specific diseases that could endanger the quality of your crops, so it’s vital to recognize them and prevent them. Some of the most common diseases are:
- Black rot
- Bacterial leaf spot
- Bacterial soft rot
- Ring spot
- Powdery mildew
- White mold
Other than the diseases, certain pests can attack your cabbage plants. The most common ones are:
- Painted bug
- Diamondback moth
- Cabbage aphids
- Tobacco caterpillar
- Cabbage hear borer
- Cabbage leaf weber
Cabbage is tasty and nutritious, and it doesn’t require a lot of maintenance, making it the perfect vegetable for any gardener that wants a low-maintenance plant. By following all the growing details in the article, you’ll have stunning cabbage crops in a couple of months.
Featured Image Credit: Julio César García, Pixabay