How to Fix a Door That Won’t Latch in 10 Steps (with Pictures)
Have you ever this ever closed your front door but noticed that it’s not latching well. The door closes but when you grab the door handle and pull, it doesn’t feel like it’s closed all the way. You may not get a good night’s sleep until you get this fixed.
Doors that won’t latch are annoying. Perhaps it’s not a big deal if it’s a bedroom door. But imagine trying to close the front door of your home and the issue of latching comes up. Whether your door is sticking out of alignment or the latch has broken off, it can ruin the safety of your home.
So, what do you do when you’ve got a door that won’t latch? Read on to find out how to fix this common problem.
Safety Measures Before You Start
Making sure your doors are in good working order is an excellent way to keep your home safe. Doors that won’t latch can be frustrating. But, you can fix them yourself with the right tools.
Tools and Materials Needed
Step-By-Step Guide for Fixing a Door That Won’t Latch
If your door won’t latch, the DIYs below will help. From checking for obstructions to replacing the strike plate, these steps will come in handy.
1. Diagnose the Issue
Start by determining what’s causing your door not to latch. Try shutting it firmly. If the door closes but doesn’t latch, it could be due to:
- Misaligned strike plate: this is the metal plate on the frame where the bolt extends when you close the door. If it’s misaligned with the bolt, it will prevent your door from latching.
- Sticking lock: there could be dust and debris in the lock preventing it from moving well.
- Out of square: Your door might have shifted slightly out of place so that it can’t close all the way and latch well.
2. Assess the Hinges
Adjust the top hinge first by loosening the screws and pushing the hinge down. If this doesn’t work, pull the door out and remove some of the wood from the jamb. Be careful not to adjust this too much. You don’t want your door to be too wide or too narrow.
Adjusting the bottom hinge is a little more complicated than the top one. You may need to remove a portion of wood from both sides of your door or make adjustments with a screwdriver.
If these adjustments don’t work, remove the metal plates attached to the hinges on your door. Then, reinstall these metal plates in a different position on your door.
Whichever method you choose, test it out by closing your door to see if the latch fits in the strike plate hole snugly.
3. Push the Strike Plate Downward
A door that won’t latch doesn’t have to be a major repair case. Sometimes the problem is with the strike plate. The strike plate is the metal piece on the doorjamb against which the door latch or lock bolt extends when you close your door.
If shortening either part of your door’s hardware isn’t an option for you, try pushing down on the strike plate until it’s fully seated on the jamb. Loosen its screws slightly before adjusting it into place.
If loosening its screws doesn’t work, use a chisel and a hammer to fit against one corner of the strike plate until it aligns well with the jamb and latch bolt.
4. Enlarge the Hole in the Strike Plate
If the door won’t latch, it could be because the strike plate hole is too small for the latch. First, check to see if the latch is hitting any part of the strike plate other than its center. If so, you will need to enlarge that part of the hole.
Draw a line around this area with a pencil. This way, you can make sure to stay within it as your metal file wanders a little bit. Enlarge the hole with a metal file. Insert it in the strike plate hole.
Then, move it back and forth as fast as you can on the strike plate’s lower lip. Get rid of as much metal as you can, depending on the latch.
The main aim of enlarging the strike plate hole is to create a hole sufficient for the latch to get through.
5. Position the Strike Plate Again
If you have tried the above step, but your door won’t latch all the way, chances are the strike plate is out of alignment. If your door is a little older, it’s likely that the door frame has settled slightly and moved out of alignment with the strike plate.
To reposition the strike plate, use a screwdriver to remove it from the frame. Drill new holes in the door frame and reposition the strike plate at a different angle.
6. Mark the New Position of the Strike Plate
Use a pencil to mark where you’ll drill the new hole. Make sure you mark it carefully so that you don’t end up drilling too close or too far away from the original position.
Now that you’ve marked where your new holes will go for your strike plate, you can then drill them. Make sure that you’re using a drill that matches up with your screws. This way, they will fit tightly once installed into your door jamb.
Test if the strike plate fits in its new location before re-installing it using screws. Then test-fit your door latch again to make sure it works smoothly.
7. Fill in the Old Screw Holes Using a Wood Filler
Wood Filler is a material used to fill holes and cracks in the wood. It comes in different colors. You can use it on any wood. Also, you can sand or paint it.
When purchasing this product, make sure you buy one that you can use both indoors and outdoors.
If you need to fill a big deep hole, use a small piece of wood as support. Take your time, and don’t apply too much filler at one time since it shrinks as it dries. You can also add the wood filler to a putty knife and spread it over the old screw holes.
Allow it to dry completely. Once it dries, use sandpaper to sand down any excess wood filler. This way, it’ll be even with the door.
If your door is painted and you don’t plan on repainting it, use wood filler that is close in color to the old paint.
8. Prepare the Screw Holes
Use a countersink drill to avoid jagged edges if you have to drill your holes. Also, use a drill bit that is at least 1/8-inch smaller than the diameter of your screw to avoid splitting the wood. It will ensure that get a good bite on the screws when you install them.
You can either use a drop of glue or just drive in the screws. If you are using glue, put some glue in each hole, then drive in the screws.
Make sure you drive them in so they are flush with the surface of the door. If you don’t want to use glue, drive in the screws using a screwdriver until they are even with the door surface.
9. Cut a New Lower Edge for the Strike Plate
Cut along the line you previously marked using a utility knife. You’re doing this to create room for the strike plate. Let your utility knife run along the line severally. It’ll form a gorge that can fit a chisel tip.
Tap the chisel using a hammer. Ensure you point it into the gorge. It’ll loosen the piece of wood. Be keen not to destroy the door jamb.
As soon as the piece of wood is out, form a clean wedge using a chisel. This is where the strike plate’s lower part will fit snugly. Then, inspect how the strike plate fits into the place.
10. Install the Strike Plate into Place
You have finally made it to the last step! All that is left to do is put the strike plate back into position and put your screws in. After that, you are now free to open and close your door with ease!
Using screws that fit snugly into each pilot hole, secure your new strike plate to the door jamb. Screw them in with your screwdriver or drill until tight and flush against the jam surface.
Common Causes Why Your Door Won’t Latch
Here are some of the most common reasons why your door doesn’t latch.
§ The Strike Plate is Out of Alignment
The strike plate is a metal rectangle located on the inside part of your doorframe where the latch meets when the door is closed. If this plate isn’t lined up with the hole in your doorframe well, the lock won’t catch in place.
§ A Broken Lock
If your lock is broken or missing parts, there is no way for it to catch onto anything when you close your door. You’ll need to remove and replace it with a new one if you have a broken lock.
§ Loose Screws
If the door latch is not retracting, there may be loose screws. Check that the screws holding the strike plate in place are tight. If you’re having trouble fixing this yourself, call a professional for help.
§ Bent Door Jamb
If your door jamb is bent, it’ll most likely need to be replaced by a professional locksmith or carpenter.
§ Latch Not Deep Enough
The latch on your deadbolt may not be caught into the strike plate on your door frame. It’s usually caused by wear and tear over time.
If you’ve already adjusted the strike plate and tightened the screws, but it still doesn’t work, you need to replace your deadbolt with a longer one. This way, it can reach deeper into the strike plate.
§ Warped or Sagging Jambs or Header
If your jambs are warped or out of square with each other, you’ll have trouble getting your door to close well and latch securely.
Likewise, if you have a warped or sagging sill, your entire doorway may be out of the square. The sagging door sill may be caused by water damage.
How Does a Door Latch Work?
A typical door latch is a two-piece assembly. It’s a spring-loaded metal tongue that fits into a metal socket, called a strike plate.
There is a small bolt at one end of the assembly to keep the tongue in place and prevent the door from opening. It slides into a hole in the strike plate when the door is closed.
When you turn the doorknob or twist a lever handle, you rotate an L-shaped metal bar called a cam. It pulls back (or retracts) the bolt so that it no longer holds the tongue in place. This allows you to open the door.
Purposes of a Strike Plate
There are two main purposes of a strike plate. The first is to reinforce the door jamb where the latch or deadbolt lock bolts into it.
The second is to provide a large surface area for the latch or deadbolt to bolt into. It increases resistance against forced entry (kicking in the door).
A regular door jamb is not strong, especially if it’s made from wood and hollow on the inside. Usually, the strike plate is made from steel. It attaches directly to the jamb with three-inch-long screws, substantially reinforcing it.
A standard dimensions strike plate will be about 2½ inches wide and 1⅛ inches tall. This provides much more area than just the lock cylinder itself.
It can be a pain when your door won’t latch. But you don’t have to live with it. With a few simple tools and a little know-how, you can tackle the problem yourself. It’ll save you money over calling a professional.
Remember that doors are different. So, if your door isn’t latching like it’s supposed to, check out the first step for more information on what you might be facing. Hopefully, these instructions have come in handy and you have fixed your door latch
Featured Image Credit: Kawin Ounprasertsuk, Shutterstock
- 1 Safety Measures Before You Start
- 2 Step-By-Step Guide for Fixing a Door That Won’t Latch
- 2.1 1. Diagnose the Issue
- 2.2 2. Assess the Hinges
- 2.3 3. Push the Strike Plate Downward
- 2.4 4. Enlarge the Hole in the Strike Plate
- 2.5 5. Position the Strike Plate Again
- 2.6 6. Mark the New Position of the Strike Plate
- 2.7 7. Fill in the Old Screw Holes Using a Wood Filler
- 2.8 8. Prepare the Screw Holes
- 2.9 9. Cut a New Lower Edge for the Strike Plate
- 2.10 10. Install the Strike Plate into Place
- 3 Common Causes Why Your Door Won’t Latch
- 4 How Does a Door Latch Work?
- 5 Purposes of a Strike Plate
- 6 Conclusion