How to Propagate Plants: 5 Tips & Tricks (With Pictures)
Have you ever had a stunning plant you wanted to multiply but didn’t know how to make another plant without purchasing seed or seedlings? If so, this is the perfect article for you. You can multiply plants through propagation, and we’ll provide you with all the details to succeed even at your first propagation attempt.
Keep reading to learn some of the best plant propagation tips and tricks!
What Is Plant Propagation?
Plant propagation involves multiplying a plant species to gain more new plants through various methods.
The 5 Tips on How to Propagate Plants
One of the easiest methods for propagating plants is division. Division is a technique for reproducing plants asexually by cutting a portion of the plant with the roots attached. This way, the roots allow the plant to absorb all the nutrients immediately.
This technique can only work for those plants that grow in clumps, where you can separate the roots effortlessly without damaging them. Plants that can be propagated by division include succulents, some trees and shrubs, and clump-forming plants.
Propagating plants from cutting requires cutting a branch or a stem of one parent plant and burring it in the ground where it will grow new roots and shoots. Cutting propagation can be classified depending on the part of the plant that is removed to form a new plant.
Layering is an asexual propagation method in which a new plant is still partially connected with the main plant during the root-forming process. This technique is an excellent option for shrubs, vines, and house plants you need to propagate in a small space.
Also, it’s an excellent choice for hard-to-root plants, as the roots will form and grow more quickly than other propagation methods. There are three main layering techniques you can use:
You can start layering throughout spring or early summer, and the plants will be ready for separation in 1 to 2 months.
Grafting is an interesting method of propagation. It includes parts from two different plants being joined together to form one new plant. The root system and a part of the trunk belong to one plant, called the understock, while the top of the plant is the upper part or scion. To do this method correctly, it is crucial to perfectly align the two plants and form a strong and sturdy contact. Grafting can be split into four basic types, and which type of technique you choose will depend mainly on the stock size.
- Whip or bench graft
- Cleft Graft
- Bark or veneer graft
- Side or stub graft
Budding is a technique where a single bud serves as a scion instead of stems. For budding, you will need the same materials and conditions as grafting. Budding, or bud grafting, creates a much stronger union than regular grafting. Budding can be split into three different techniques:
- Patch budding
- Chip budding
Additional Tricks on Propagating Plants
Other than learning how to propagate plants properly, some tips and tricks can also help you when doing this project.
You can propagate plants in many ways, so it is vital to do thorough research and find a method that suits your plants and garden best. After learning about how you can propagate a plant and the tricks you need to do it flawlessly, you will become a skilled gardener in no time!
Featured Image Credit: Mariia Boiko, Shutterstock