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15 Different Types of Olive Trees (With Pictures)

olive trees plantation

Olive trees are a staple worldwide. They are regarded as one of the most popular trees because of their beautiful appearance and tasty offshoots, including the fruit and olive oil. Not to mention, many gardeners love these trees, even fruitless ones, because of their gorgeous appearance.

Although there are dozens of olive tree types around the world, some are more popular than others. In this article, we will examine 15 popular olive tree types. Most of these olive trees produce fruit.

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The 15 Different Types of Olive Trees

An olive tree is an excellent choice if you want to add some color to your yard. However, you want to select the best olive tree based on the size of your garden, temperature, and ideal fruit production. Here are the 15 most popular olive tree varieties to consider planting.

1. Arbequina

Arbequina olive plant
Photo Credit By: Pixabay

The Arbequina olive tree is one of the largest olive trees, but you can maintain a smaller size with thorough pruning. It is from Spain and prefers temperatures in zones 8 through 10. This is one of the most popular olive trees for personal use.

2. Mission

The Mission olive tree is one of the most common species in the United States. It was first developed in California during the 18th century. Today, you can find the Mission olive tree in many California homes, but it’s best suited for olive lovers because it’s a prolific producer.

3. Picholine

Picholines Olive Tree
Picholines Olive Tree (Photo Credit By: RGimilio, Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0)

The Picholine olive tree is great if you want to grow an olive tree in a pot due to its size. The fruit produced has a spicy and nutty flavor, making it ideal for culinary purposes. If you want to eat the fruit, you can harvest it when it is green, but you need to allow it to turn black if you want to use it for oil.

4. Kalamata

Kalamata olive tree
Photo Credit By: patjo, Shutterstock

The Kalamata olive tree is known for its delicious Kalamata olives. It is the ancient symbol of peace —the olive branch. If you love Mediterranean food, the Kalamata olive tree may be your best choice.

5. Manzanilla

The Manzanilla olive tree is prevalent in the United States because it produces the most famous fruit. These olives are typically brine-cured and then stuffed with pimientos . In addition to producing the nation’s favorite olive, the tree is gorgeous but susceptible to cold weather conditions.

6. Amfissa

amfissa olive tree
Photo Credit By: JoannaTkaczuk, Shutterstock

Amfissa olives are often cured in brine, like manzanilla olives. Sometimes, Amfissa olives are soaked in a citric acid brine to create a more citrusy flavor. These trees can grow fast. So, they aren’t typically used for gardening purposes.

7. Nocellara Del Belice

Nocellara del Belice
Nocellara del Belice (Photo Credit By: Paolo La Rocca, Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 2.0)

The Nocellara del Belice olive tree produces bright green olives. Often, these trees are considered the best producers of olives because the fruit is very mild with a buttery texture. Even people who typically don’t like olives like the Nocellara del Belilce’s fruit.

8. Gordal Sevillano

The Gordal Sevillano olive tree produces a soft, chubby olive that can be stuffed with cheese, fruit, and pimentos. The tree has a willow-like appearance and a gnarled trunk that grows gracefully.

9. Niçoise

The Niçoise olive is a staple in southern France. It has a strong flavor and is often harvested in its more mature state. The trees typically have weeping branches, and olives can appear as soon as 2 years after planting.

10. Frantoio

The Frantoio olive tree is an Italian variety that is popular throughout Tuscany. It is a medium-large variety that thrives in partial sun and cold conditions, such as in Pacific Northwest locations.

Related Read: 13 Different Types of Willow Trees

11. Wilsoni

The Wilsoni olive tree is one of the most popular fruitless olive trees. It is incredibly resistant to heat and drought conditions, making it a perfect choice for low-water yards. Because it doesn’t produce fruit, you don’t have to worry about maintaining your yard while enjoying the beautiful plant.

12. Chemlali

The Chemlali olive tree is lesser known than most other olive trees on this list, but it is an excellent choice for compact yards. Even though it requires full sun, it is hardy in cold temperatures. The Chemlali tree is mainly used for olive oil production.

13. Coratina

Coratina olive trees can adapt to a variety of conditions and terrains. They are often used for olive oil production but sometimes for gardening since they can grow in poor soil conditions.

You might also be interested in: 16 Different Types of Evergreen Trees (With Pictures)

14. Leccino

The Leccino olive tree is an Italian variety with beautiful branches and delicious fruit. It is unique because it has an abnormal trunk that allows it to stand out. At the same time, Leccino olive trees can start producing fruit within a year or two, making them perfect for impatient growers.

15. Montra

The Montra olive tree is a bush variety. Because of its small size, it is perfect for small yards. You can even grow the Montra olive tree in pots. You must keep them pruned if you want to use the trees to create hedges and borders around your yard.

Related Read: 10 Different Types of Elm Trees

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Any one of these olive trees would make a great addition to your home and garden. Not only will they fill up the space with vibrant life, but they will produce tasty fruit you can snack on, except the fruitless Wilsoni olive tree, of course!

Featured Image Credit: Hans Geel, Shutterstock


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