16 Different Types of Evergreen Trees (With Pictures)
Evergreen trees stay green all year long, so they continue to provide shade shelter and other benefits to you as well as the local wildlife in your area. These trees are low maintenance, and they help break wind and improve water and air quality.
If you want to get an evergreen train tree for your property but want to learn more about the different varieties first, you’ve come to the right place. We’ll look at several different types of evergreens that will make great additions to any landscape. Let’s dig in!
The 16 Types of Evergreen Trees
1. Cedar Trees
Cedar trees are larger evergreen trees that usually grow to about 140 feet tall. They have spicy scented wood with thick branches, and you can find them in many colors, from light to dark green and even pale blue. They are a popular ornamental tree in areas where the temperature doesn’t fall below zero degrees Fahrenheit too frequently. These trees are native to the Himalayan mountains and Mediterranean region. The wood is a natural bug repellent, so you often see it in mulches.
2. Fir Trees
Fir trees are extremely popular in the United States and the rest of the world because they make great Christmas trees. Their name references their ability to grow tall, and they often reach more than 200 feet when fully grown. You can find these trees all through North and Central America as well as Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. Fir trees have cones that stand upright like camels have their needles look like they’re attached to the branch by suction cups.
3. Pine Trees
Pine trees look very similar to firs. In fact, people have often called them furs throughout history. Like the fir tree, the Pine tree grows very tall and can often exceed 250 feet when fully grown. These trees often lived for several hundred years almost have a thick, scaly bark. The pine tree needles are clustered into groups of 1 to 7 and can persist on the tree for 40 years.
Related Read: 19 Different Types of Pine Trees
4. Juniper Trees
Juniper trees are a diverse species that can exist as a bush or as a tree. The female juniper has fruit-like seeds that almost resemble blueberries, and many varieties have two kinds of leaves that change as the plant ages. You can find juniper trees in a wide variety of environments, including rocky gravel and planted soil.
5. Holly Trees
People usually think of holly trees around the Christmas holiday due to their attractive appearance that fits in with the season. However, these trees are widespread throughout many temperate and subtropical regions of the world. These trees are small and slow-growing, usually reaching no more than 80 feet tall.
6. Thuja Trees
Thuja trees are a small group of tall, thin trees that typically grow between 10 and 200 feet tall. The thuja is a popular tree for property division, and it’s also ornamental. Two species are native to the United States, and you can find them as far north as Alaska. They have a reddish-brown bark and a lightweight wood that’s easy to split yet resists decay.
7. Cryptomeria Trees
You can call a cryptomeria tree a Japanese cedar or Japanese redwood if you have difficulty with the official name. These trees can grow to 230 feet tall and have a bark that peels away from the tree in long vertical strips, giving them their distinctive appearance. China claims to have trees of this species more than 1,000 years old.
8. Olive Trees
Olive trees are an important cash crop for many countries, especially Italy, Australia, and New Zealand. Please trees grow to almost 50-feet tall with silvery green leaves in a gnarled, twisted trunk. It produces small white flowers before the fruit that gives it its name. Fossil evidence says these trees grew for millions of years, and humans might have already been eating them 6,000 years ago.
9. Hemlock Trees
Hemlock trees are native to the northeastern United States and typically grow too little over 100 feet tall. They have a very long lifespan, and one tree in Pennsylvania is estimated to be more than 500 years old. It’s popular for railroad ties because it holds the spikes tight. These trees prefer higher altitudes with plenty of rain.
10. Spruce Trees
The spruce tree is a large family of trees found in temperate zones north of the equator. It’s another evergreen with a long lifespan, and one tree in Norway is estimated to be more than 9,500 years old, claiming the title as the world’s oldest tree. These trees are extremely versatile and we use them for tonewood and musical instruments. It’s also an important ingredient in paper, timber, and medicine.
11. Cypress Trees
Cypress is a large group of trees and shrubs that you can find worldwide in the temperate zone. These trees can grow more than 200 feet tall, and you will often see them decorating a park or church due to their ornamental appearance. The timber can be valuable, but it’s not as popular as other species like oak or pine.
12. Arborvitae Trees
The arborvitae tree is a great property dividing variety due to its tall, thin growing style. A fully grown tree can often reach 75 feet tall, and they usually grow at a rate of three to four feet per year. These trees are attractive and don’t require much care. You only need to provide them with about an inch of water per week to keep the tree healthy.
13. Yew Trees
Yew trees are a slow-growing and long-lived tree that usually reaches about 65 feet tall. All plant parts are toxic to humans, so it’s not a great choice if you have small children who like to play in the trees. You will see these trees frequently in church graveyards, and many people consider them a sign of sadness. The wood has a yellowish-brown color, and woodworkers use them to make longbows due to the springy nature of the wood.
14. Eucalyptus Trees
The eucalyptus tree is a large family of plants native to Australia, and you can find them in all parts of the continent. It’s a fast-growing wood that you can use for paper, honey, timber, or essential oils. Many woodworkers also use it for timber, but it’s highly flammable, so you can’t use it for housing. Some varieties can grow to 200 feet or more, while others remain much closer to the ground.
Bamboo trees are native to Asia, though they are a popular garden ornament and privacy barrier in the United States. Bamboo grows extremely quickly, and some species can grow more than an inch an hour on average. It’s a popular food source and building material in many parts of the world, growing easily in warm areas with moist soil.
16. Redwood Trees
Redwood trees are among the tallest trees globally, and they have an extremely long lifespan that can last thousands of years. Since they are so large, these trees are popular for lumber, making them a target for logging throughout history. Many of these trees currently enjoy a protected status, but the numbers continue to fall.
Related Read: 10 Different Types of Deciduous Trees (With Pictures)
As you can see, there are several varieties of evergreen trees that you can use for ornamental reasons or as a solution to a problem like a lack of privacy or too much wind creating snowdrifts on your property. Pine and fir trees are extremely easy to find and grow almost everywhere in the United States, so they make a great choice for a beginner or for someone who wants to create a barrier between properties or break wind. Cedar is also a great choice because it repels insects, including fleas and ticks. If your need for an Evergreen tree is strictly decorative, then hopefully, the images above give you what you need to select your favorite.
Featured Image Credit: Pixabay
- 1 The 16 Types of Evergreen Trees
- 1.1 1. Cedar Trees
- 1.2 2. Fir Trees
- 1.3 3. Pine Trees
- 1.4 4. Juniper Trees
- 1.5 5. Holly Trees
- 1.6 6. Thuja Trees
- 1.7 7. Cryptomeria Trees
- 1.8 8. Olive Trees
- 1.9 9. Hemlock Trees
- 1.10 10. Spruce Trees
- 1.11 11. Cypress Trees
- 1.12 12. Arborvitae Trees
- 1.13 13. Yew Trees
- 1.14 14. Eucalyptus Trees
- 1.15 15. Bamboo
- 1.16 16. Redwood Trees
- 2 Conclusion