How Much & How Often to Water Hibiscus Plants: Signs & Seasons
A flourishing hibiscus will steal the spotlight in any garden, offering a dazzling colorful display in massive, ruffled whorls of leaves against a bed of lush greenery. Close attention will be crucial in achieving stunning and long-lasting blooms, which begin with proper watering.
These warm-weather plants generally require abundant moisture to thrive, but their needs will change as they grow. To ensure extraordinary flowers this summer, we’ll explain how much and how often you should water hibiscus.
How Often to Water Hibiscus
Keep hibiscus soil consistently damp but not soaking wet. It must be well-drained to prevent root rot, and the top inch should feel slightly moist to prevent the plant from becoming stressed and shutting down.
All hibiscus plants need deep watering immediately after planting. Water your hibiscus daily for the first week, and gradually slow your schedule. Switch to once every two days in the second and third week, then 1–2 times weekly beyond that.
Watering Hibiscus in the Summer
Hotter, dryer weather will typically entail more watering. You may need to bump up your schedule to 3–4 times weekly as you get into the summer months. Doing so is critical in preventing the momentary wilt that can doom a hibiscus plant.
Watering needs will change with the seasons. Hibiscus typically needs less water in the spring than in the summer. You may even need to water your hibiscus plants every day in dry, hot conditions. Consider adding an inch-thick mulch layer to retain moisture and reduce the watering needs.
Watering Hibiscus in the Winter
You can cut your watering schedule to once a week or even less as the weather cools through the fall. Be sure to water your plants well to weather the cold strikes if you’re growing a hardy hibiscus outdoors. Feed your plants warm water in the winter to keep them comfortable.
Stay flexible, and adjust your watering schedule based on the temperature, humidity, and rainfall. A moisture meter can make it easy to monitor when your hibiscus needs water.
Watering Hibiscus in Containers
Growing hibiscus in containers allows you to plant less-hardy varieties that wouldn’t survive in the garden year-round. Ensure your pot has drainage holes, and use well-draining soil suitable for containers to prevent the roots from sitting in water.
You will typically need to water your hibiscus plants more often in a container than in a garden, sometimes up to twice a day in hot and dry conditions. If they consistently need multiple waterings daily, consider moving plants to larger pots that can hold more water.
The type of pot will also affect how often you water your hibiscus. For instance, plastic pots don’t absorb moisture like terracotta or wood pots, so they will likely need less water.
You may also choose to use a self-watering pot or add a tray of water beneath the plants to keep the humidity up. In many cases, a drip system is the most practical and convenient method to maintain consistent moisture and prevent water stress and wet feet.
How Much Water Does a Hibiscus Need?
Hibiscus roots are shallow, and you can generally water the soil to about 6 inches deep to satisfy them. You want to saturate it slowly to ensure it absorbs the water evenly and gets moisture to all of the roots. Flooding will often cause water to travel through specific channels, leaving much of the soil relatively dry.
Hitting the soil is crucial when watering a hibiscus plant. Overhead watering can soak the leaves, allowing them to develop harmful mildew and fungus that cause foliar disease.
Signs of a Water-Stressed Plant
Hibiscus watering takes a delicate balance because they can’t stand soggy soil, nor can they handle drought. It can be challenging to supply the perfect amount of water, so watching for symptoms of stress is crucial.
Lush, green foliage is a sign of a healthy, well-watered plant. Overwatering can cause yellowing leaves, and you may see the plant drop leaves or buds. Meanwhile, lack of water can cause the plant to shut down and eventually wilt. Re-watering will typically restore it from wilt, but the plant often won’t grow as vigorously as it once did.
Whether a hardy hibiscus for the garden or a tropical variety for a container, hibiscus offers some of the most magnificent blooms of any flowering plant.
It takes careful watering to achieve the incredible colorful explosions in summer, but it’s not always easy to be confident that you’re doing it correctly. Follow these tips and pay attention to the signs of stress, and you’ll have no problem getting the desired results year after year.
Featured Image Credit: PetraWa, Pixabay