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26 Types of Trees in Wisconsin (With Pictures) 

Trees in Wisconsin_Leonardo_o7_Shutterstock

Wisconsin is home to a wide variety of native tree species. Both coniferous and deciduous trees call Wisconsin home. Although there are dozens of tree species in the state, only 26 are native.

Let’s take a look at the native trees in the state of Wisconsin.

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The 26 Types of Trees in Wisconsin

1. Ash

ash tree
Image Credit: Piqsels
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2–9
Wood Type: Hardwood

Ash is one of the most popular trees in Wisconsin. Approximately 7.8% of Wisconsin trees are Ash specifically. As a result, there are about 898 million Ash trees in the forest land. Wisconsin is home to four different Ash species, including Green Ash, White Ash, Black Ash, and Blue Ash.

2. Aspen

Quaking Aspen_Intricate Explorer_Pexels
Image Credit: Intricate Explorer, Pexels
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2–7
Wood Type: Hardwood

Aspen is found mainly in the northern part of Wisconsin. Up in the northern woods, about 4% of the trees fall under the Aspen category. It is the second most common forest cover in this region, just after Maple.

3. Basswood

American Basswood_Alina Vaska_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Alina Vaska, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 3–8
Wood Type: Hardwood

Basswood is a pretty unusual tree for Wisconsin. It is very tall and has large leaves that are shaped like hearts. These trees are produced in the midsummer and have fragrant flowers.

4. Beech

American Beech Tree_Malachi Jabos_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Malachi Jacobs, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 3–9
Wood Type: Hardwood

Beech trees are native to Wisconsin. These trees are very large and take a long time to grow. There have been blights against Beech trees in the areas, but the Beech bark disease isn’t as common in Wisconsin as it is in other states.

5. Birch

Gray Birch Tree_LFRabanedo_Shutterstock
Image Credit: LFRabanedo, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2–6
Wood Type: Hardwood

Birch is a familiar favorite in Wisconsin. Many children like playing with the tree’s papery bark. There are several different species of Birch in the area, but a significant part of northern Wisconsin sees the most Birch coverage.

6. Box Elder

Box Elder
Image Credit: tamu1500, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2–9
Wood Type: Hardwood, with some softwood properties

Box Elders are not the most popular trees in Wisconsin. They are often considered a weedy tree. Even so, this tree is very common in urban settings, and it is very adaptable to Wisconsin and other areas.

7. Butternut

butternut walnut tree
Image Credit:, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 3–7
Wood Type: Softwood

Butternut is actually a special concern plant for Wisconsin. It is only found in mesic hardwoods and riparian hardwood forests. These beautiful trees bloom between the months of April and June and fruit during October.

8. Cedar

Eastern Red Cedar_Gerry Bishop_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Gerry Bishop, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 5–8
Wood Type: Softwood

Cedar is a tree that has taken over Wisconsin. It can grow in the southern parts of the state where other trees refuse to grow. Often, you can see Red Cedars specifically growing in abandoned fields.

9. Cherry

Cherry tree_1195798_Pixabay
Image Credit: 1195798, Pixabay
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4–7
Wood Type: Hardwood

Cherry trees aren’t found all over Wisconsin. In fact, the vast majority of these trees are grown in Door County. In this county, the trees grow a little earlier in spring due to the lake in the area. As a result, this county produces the best Cherry trees in the state.

10. Cottonwood

Eastern Cottownwood_Merrimon Crawford_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Merrimon Crawford, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2–9
Wood Type: Hardwood

Some of Wisconsin’s most noteworthy sites include the Cottonwood trees. These trees are perfectly symmetrical and can be found along highways or in parks. Cottonwoods are also highly popular in Door County, just like the above-mentioned Cherry trees.

11. Elm

Cedar Elm_Trong Nguyen_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Trong Nguyen, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 5–9
Wood Type: Hardwood, with some softwood properties

Although some of the trees on this list only grow in certain regions, the Elm tree can be found all over Wisconsin. It is most often found in the state’s deciduous forests along streams, but the trees can be found just about anywhere, including urban soils and old fields.

12. Fir

Balsam Fir Tree_BW Folsom_Shutterstock
Image Credit: BW Folsom, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4–6
Wood Type: Softwood

Fir trees are a type of evergreen found in Wisconsin. There are two species native to the area, including Balsam Fir and White Fir. These trees are most common in forests along the northern part of the state.

13. Hackberry

Hackberry Tree_Fabrizio Guarisco_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Fabrizio Guarisco, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2–9
Wood Type: Hardwood

Not many people have heard of the Hackberry tree. This tree provides fantastic shade and has a vase-like canopy. Its bark has a warty appearance, and it is perfect for bird watching.

14. Hemlock

Eastern Hemlock_Mammiya_Pixabay
Image Credit: Mammiya, Pixabay
USDA Hardiness Zone: 3–8
Wood Type: Softwood

Hemlocks can be found in small patches of mesic forests around the state. These trees are further south than most other trees in the state. The only Hemlock species in the area is the Eastern Hemlock.

15. Hickory

Shagbark Hickory_Martin Fowler_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Martin Fowler, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4–8
Wood Type: Hardwood

There are two Hickory species in Wisconsin: Bitternut and Shagbark. The Shagbark Hickory is super easy to identify due to its unique leaves and large nuts. Of all the species in Wisconsin, Hickory wood has the highest density.

16. Ironwood

Ironwood Tree_Matthew Hartshorn_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Matthew Hartshorn, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 9–11
Wood Type: Hardwood

Ironwood is a small tree that grows in a pyramid-like shape. It often grows in woods with Oak trees. Because it is so small, it grows easily in restricted spaces, but it grows slowly.

17. Juneberry

Juneberry Tree_Henk Vrieselaar_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Henk Vrieselaar, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2–5
Wood Type: Hardwood

The Juneberry tree, also known as the Serviceberry tree, is a small tree or shrub. It is deciduous and has beautiful spring blossoms. This is a great tree for landscaping purposes because it is beautiful year-round.

18. Locust

honey locust tree_Jarmila_Pixabay
Image Credit: Jarmila, Pixabay
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4–8
Wood Type: Hardwood

Black Locust and Honey Locust trees are common in Wisconsin. These trees grow quickly. In fact, some people view Black Locust as a type of pest or nuisance.

19. Maple

Red Maple Tree
Image Credit: Rudy and Peter Skitterians, Pixabay
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4–9
Wood Type: Hardwood

Maple is one of the most common trees in Wisconsin. There are four main Maple species, including Black Maple, Norway Maple, Red Maple, and Sugar Maple. This is the most common tree in the northern part of the state.

20. Oak

Black Oak Tree_Richard Thornton_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Richard Thornton, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 1–11
Wood Type: Hardwood

Much like Maple, there are many Oak varieties in Wisconsin. The dominant Oak species in the area include White Oak, Black Oak, and Bur Oak. You can sometimes find Red Oak as well.

21. Plum

plum tree
Image Credit: glacika56, Pixabay
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4–9
Wood Type: Hardwood

The plum tree is a Wisconsin native. It is sometimes classified as a large shrub. You can grow a single plum tree or create a whole colony. Plum trees are great because they are adaptable to many scenarios and environments.

22. Pine

Eastern White Pine Tree_Than Sapyaprapa_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Than Sapyaprapa, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4–9
Wood Type: Softwood

There are about 100 species of pine trees in Wisconsin alone. However, the vast majority are Red, Jack, and Eastern White Pines specifically. You can find pine trees all over the state.

23. Spruce

white spruce trees
Image Credit: Eva Pruchova, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 3–11
Wood Type: Softwood

The White Spruce is a beautiful tree in Wisconsin. You often find Spruce trees in northern forests along with Balsam and Tamarack trees. Occasionally, you will see Spruce growing with hardwoods.

24. Tamarack

Tamarack Tree_Jeff Caverly_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Jeff Caverly, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2–5
Wood Type: Softwood

Tamarack is the only conifer tree in Wisconsin whose leaves change color and fall from the tree during the fall. In this regard, the Tamarack tree acts much more like a deciduous tree.

25. Walnut

black walnut tree
Image Credit: Hans, Pixabay
USDA Hardiness Zone: 5–9
Wood Type: Softwood

Although Walnut trees can be found throughout the state, only the southernmost counties can call the Walnut a native tree. The main Walnut tree in the area is the Black Walnut.

26. Willow

Black Willow Tree_Sue Burton Photography_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Sue Burton Photography, Shutterstock
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4–10
Wood Type: Softwood

Finally, the last tree type in Wisconsin is the Willow tree, specifically the Black Willow. The Black Willow is different from Weeping and Crack Willows, which are not native to the area but have been brought into the state.

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How Do I Identify a Tree?

Whenever you are identifying a tree, there are several factors you should look at. You can identify a tree by looking at the leaves, bark, flowers, fruit, and shape. The leaves are the easiest way to identify trees, but you will need to look at the other categories for certain species.

Tree identification books will help you to take what you are seeing on the tree and determine what kind of tree you are looking at.

You might also like:Poison Hemlock: Identification, Management & Safety Advice

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Now you know the 26 native tree species in Wisconsin. Although there are other trees in this state, these trees are exotic and have been brought in by humans. Some exotic trees are great for the environment, while others are invading the native trees’ space and causing problems.

Learn how to identify these 26 trees by looking at their leaves, bark, flowers, fruit, and shape. Good luck!

Related read:

Featured Image Credit: Leonardo_o7, Shutterstock


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